Curiosities of Asia
Did you know that Asia is the largest and most populous continent on the planet?
This continent is located in the eastern part of the northern hemisphere. It has an area of 44 million km2 and the number of inhabitants is around 4,460 billion, which is equivalent to 61% of the world's population.
The Asian continent is part of the continental mass called Eurasia that it shares with the European continent and that connects with the African continent through the Suez Canal. It is bordered by the Glacial Arctic Ocean to the north, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the east, and the Ural Mountains to the west.
Economically, Asia is characterized as the largest global producer of food and, due to its large population, it is also the largest consumer. Also, it is the benchmark in technological development. It is among the major economic world powers, especially due to the role of China and Japan. Asia has the second largest stock exchange in the world: Tokyo, which follows the New York Stock Exchange.
The Asian economy managed to take advantage of the opportunities of globalization, despite the financial crises, armed conflicts and natural disasters that it had to endure. However, its growth benefited significantly from domestic policies that allowed it to compete with foreign economies. In the 1980s, the accelerated growth of mass production industries financed with foreign investment, together with intensive and cheap labor, led countries such as South Korea and Taiwan to export their production to first world economies, such as United States and Europe.
Tourism is one of the most important industries in Asia. Among the main countries with great attractions tourist highlights:
- Bhutan. Located in the Himalayan mountain ranges, it is noted for its landscapes and architecture, such as the Taktshang Monastery.
- Cambodia. It stands out for its main cities: the capital Phnom Penh, Angkor and Siem Reap with the Royal Gardens.
- China. It stands out for its capital Beijing, which presents an unprecedented architectural history, with buildings such as the Chinese Wall, the Forbidden City and the Summer Palace.
- Korea. Divided into two states, North Korea and South Korea, Pyongyang and Lake Tianchi stand out in the north, and Busan and Seoul in the south.
- India. It stands out for its monumental architecture, such as the Taj Mahal in the city of Agra, built between 1631 and 1648. It is considered one of the seven wonders of the world.
- Laos. It stands out for the city of Luang Prabag considered a World Heritage Site due to its temples. In Vientiane, its capital, the country's most important shrine, Pha That Luang, is located.
- Maldives. Located in the Indian Ocean, it stands out for its many natural attractions and for offering various activities to enjoy them, such as diving.
- Nepal. It stands out for its capital Kathmandu, one of the oldest cities, and its temples and its mountainous natural landscapes, such as the Himalayas.
- Singapore. It represents one of the largest economic sectors on the continent. It stands out for its architectural attractions, such as in Marina South and on Sentosa Island.
- Vietnam. It is noted for numerous World Heritage sites, such as Hoi An Ancient City, Ha-Long Bay, and the Mi-Sön Shrine.