Curiosities of Japanese culture
The culture of Japan or Japanese culture summarizes the way of living, relating and conceiving the world of the Japanese region, that is, of the inhabitants of the Japanese nation and their ancestral culture.
Japan is an island Asian country, located in the Pacific Ocean off the coasts of China and Taiwan. It is made up of an archipelago of about 6,852 islands and its limited area of 377,915 km2. Its culture, strongly influenced by China in its origins, is about 2,677 years old, and is characterized by its own language, its own religions and its own traditions, but amalgamated in a complex process of syncretism over the centuries.
Ruled by a parliamentary monarchy with a long national tradition, this country has played an important role in Asian and world politics, especially in the 20th century when it allied with Nazi Germany and fascist Italy in what became known as the Berlin Axis. Rome-Tokyo during World War II. His surrender sentenced the end of the conflict, after the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were bombarded with atomic bombs by the United States, in one of the worst military massacres in human history.
Japanese culture is governed in terms of interpersonal relationships by the giri, a name given to the set of duty, obligation and honor, which generates quite a contrast with respect to the individualistic tradition of the West. Family situations are much more lax in matters related to morality or socially accepted behavior, but in return the relationship with hierarchical superiors or with strangers is extremely formal. Great respect is also held for the elderly and ancestors, who are often worshiped spiritually on home altars.
The influence of China in the formation of Japanese culture has been decisive. In fact, both the Buddhist religion and Chinese calligraphy were imported from the country, with which they had extensive commercial relations and will have a strained relationship of sympathy and rivalry over the centuries.
Japanese is the ninth most widely spoken language in the world and encompasses a set of dialects similar to the Ryukyuan languages (from the Ryukyu Islands in southern Japan). It is considered, especially for Westerners, as a complex, two-syllabic and binding language, which nevertheless has given many words to Western languages. The writing of Japanese has three levels or modes: kanji, composed of pictograms of Chinese origin incorporated in the 5th century; and two syllabaries that are hiragana and katakana, of their own Japanese creation in the 9th century.